The electronic course is intended for studying the discipline by students of the specialty "Psychology".  The course considers intracerebral regularities of occurrence and occurrence of mental processes (sensation, perception, memory, thinking, consciousness, intelligence, will, etc.), which determine the behavioral states of man and are regulated by physiological and psychological mechanisms;  modern views on the dynamics of conditioned-reflex activity, ontogenetic and phylogenetic aspects of development and formation of higher nervous activity.

Key words: higher nervous activity, brain, cerebral cortex, brain, conditioned reflexes, unconditioned reflexes, psyche.