Module type: compulsory

Term: 8

Module volume: general lessons quantity – 90 (ECTS credits – 3), auditorium lessons – 2
4 (lectures – 12, labs – 12).

Grubinko Vasil – doctor of biological sciences, professor

Training results:

During module studying students should:


 basic systemology principles and conceptions, ecosystemology laws, history of forming of the ecological systems theory, ecological systems peculiarities and structure, basic ecological systems level organizations, property of natural abiotic, biotic, unnatural elements, subsystem faction of the ecological systems, anthropogenic transformation reasons of the natural ecological systems, ecosystem anthropogenic factors and anthropogenic dynamics, quantitative estimation of anthropogenic influence and ecological systems management problem

be able:

to apply ecological principles during exploitation of various ecosystem on the acquaintance basis with the main usege stages of matters and energy in ecosystems, the energy losses in transition from one trophic level to another, general principles of ecosystem firmness, to use knowledge about the ecological systems properties, ecosystem anthropogenic factors and anthropogenic dynamic, natural ecological systems anthropogenic deformation, quantitative estimation of anthropogenic influence, in subsequent professional work.

Training way: auditorium lessons

Compulsory previous and simultaneous modules:

• basic systemology principles and conceptions

• ecological systems peculiarities and structure

• subsystem faction of the ecological systems

·                               natural ecological systems anthropogenic deformation

Module content:

History of ecological systems forming theory. Ecological system concept, biogeocenose. Correlation of concepts "biogeocenose" (V.M. Sukachov) and "ecosystem" (A. Tensli). Biogeocenose components and basic factors which provide its existence. Ecological system connections. Basic levels organizations of the ecological systems. Key natural systems. Properties of natural abiotic, biotic, unnatural elements of the ecological systems. Ecosystem anthropogenic factors and anthropogenic dynamic. Natural ecological systems anthropogenic deformation. Quantitative estimation of anthropogenic influence. Ecological systems management problem.

Training forms and methods: lectures, laboratory classes,individual training research work, individual work

Evaluative methods and criteria:

Current control (70 %): oral questioning, individual work

Total control (30 %, credit, testing), control work